Treatment for common cold in adults generally can be overcome by consuming medicines and having enough sleep and sleep, and consuming enough fluids.
Common cold is a mild virus infection of the upper respiratory tract in the nose and throat. This infection spreads directly through splashes of mucus from the respiratory tract of the sufferer, or indirectly through the hands. Common cold can be experienced by anyone, from children to adults. People with common cold will experience sneezing, nasal congestion, sore throat, headache, fever, watery eyes, loss of appetite.
Treatment for Common Cold in Adults
When experiencing common cold, the sufferer is advised to get enough rest, eat foods that are rich in fiber and low in fat, and drink lots of water to replace fluids lost from the body due to a nose that constantly ejects or a body that often sweats.
Meanwhile, to relieve the symptoms of common cold, there are several ways you can do as treatment for common cold in adults:
- Apply balm (balsam)
This method can be the treatment for common cold in adults, especially in infants and toddlers. Apply balm on the back or chest. Do not get into the nostrils, because it can disrupt the airway.
- Consume menthol candy-containing
You can consume menthol candy-containing and gargling with salt water. Both of these methods are believed to help relieve symptoms of nasal congestion and sore throat.
- Take a bath or warm bath
Typically, common cold intensifies when the air is dry. Therefore, you can take a bath or warm bath to reduce common and cold. In addition to warm water, you can also use other alternatives with a humidifier or room humidifier.
- Eat healthy food
Common cold sometimes makes you lose your appetite. However, you need to remember that your body needs adequate nutrition, especially if it hurts. By eating nutritious foods, your body will be easier to recover from common cold.
- Consume medicines
To relieve symptoms of nasal congestion, try to consume medicines that contain decongestants. Meanwhile, to relieve fever and pain, consume paracetamol. You can get this kind of medicine at the pharmacy. It is important to read the instructions for use listed on the packaging, and if necessary, ask a doctor. This is because some of these medicinal products are not suitable for infants, children, pregnant or breastfeeding women, and for people who are suffering from certain diseases.
Most of the symptoms of common cold heal within 1-2 weeks. However, you are advised to see a doctor if the symptoms do not heal for more than three weeks, experience shortness of breath, or symptoms get worse. If necessary, you can consult a doctor through Medi-Call application. Or you can book a doctor to your location at Medi-Call Call Center at +62 81210783387.
Prevention of Common Cold
There are several steps that can be done to avoid common cold, such as:
- Keeping a distance from a cold sufferer
- Regularly washing hands with soap before eating
- Cleaning the surface of objects that can be attached to the virus
- Avoiding to share personal items and utensils for eating or drinking with others
- Consuming probiotics that contain good bacteria is thought to be beneficial in preventing cold coughs, especially in children
- Taking vitamin C, vitamin D, or zinc can also help to avoid a cold cough. However, both of these things still require further research.
In addition, if you experience common cold, you should cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when coughing or sneezing, so that the virus does not spread to the surrounding environment. Don’t forget to wash hands afterwards.