Treatment of typhoid in children is generally treated in the hospital and recommended to continue the treatment at home as a second step.
During the rainy season, typhoid is one of the diseases that potentially occurs to children. Typhoid in children is caused by Salmonella typhi bacteria usually present in contaminated food. This condition is indeed quite common, especially in developing countries like Indonesia. Children who consume contaminated food can develop this disease more severely, specifically if their immune systems are very weak.
Generally, typhoid occurs 3-4 weeks with an incubation period of about 1-2 weeks. The symptoms of typhoid in children such as experiencing high fever around 40 degrees centigrade, lack of appetite day by day, diarrhea continuously, feeling pain in the entire body, sluggish and extreme fatigue, headache, dry cough, weight loss. The symptoms can be mild or severe, depending on the condition of the body, age, and children’s immune system. For that matter, parents need to know the treatment of typhoid in children. Parents should immediately consult or book a doctor through Medi-Call Application to get the right medicine and proper treatment. Or simply contact Medi-Call Call Center at +62 81210783387. Medi-Call is ready to come to your location.
If the children experience one of the above typhoid symptoms, give appropriate treatment of typhoid in children immediately before the symptoms get worse. Typhoid medication can be prescribed in different types and dosages by the doctor depending on the condition of the children. So, it is important to consult a doctor first to find appropriate treatment of typhoid in children.
Here are some medicines and treatment of typhoid in children:
When typhoid fever and typhoid symptoms occur in children, the doctor will give antibiotics for 1-2 weeks. Antibiotics are considered as a common treatment of typhoid in children in the early stages. Antibiotics generally work to kill and eradicate the Salmonella Typhi bacteria. The type of antibiotic varies, depending on the patient’s condition. The common antibiotic drugs that are likely to be prescribed by a doctor such as chloramphenicol, amoxicillin, ceftriaxone.
Take antibiotics up to the specified time limit and make sure the children take all the antibiotics that have been prescribed. If the children do not finish taking the medicine, then the risk of the disease is very high to easily come back.
- Fever-reducing medication
The most obvious symptom of typhoid in children is high fever, which may feel worse at night. To reduce typhoid fever, parents can give their children to take paracetamol (acetaminophen). Give the dosage according to doctor’s prescription. This functions as one of treatment of typhoid in children in early stage.
If the fever does not get better within 4-5 days after treatment, contact a doctor at Medi-Call Call Center +62 81210783387 immediately for further examination.
- Intravenous fluids or ORS
Fever and cold sweat that appear as symptoms of typhoid in children has the risk of being dehydrated. Dehydration may be fatal for the children. As prevention, doctor will pair the infusion with the children who have been hospitalized. In this way, the intake of intravenous fluids will go straight into the blood vessels to prevent the body from losing more fluid. Sometimes, infusion bags may also be included liquid antibiotics to against bacteria that cause typhoid in children. In addition, give ORS if symptoms of typhoid in children are severe diarrhea.
- Consume more fluids
If the symptoms are not severe and can be treated at home, doctor will recommend parents to give more drink to their children. Parents need to make sure that the children consume enough fluids, for example by giving them water, fruit juice, or coconut water to keep the body hydrated. The importance of this fluid intake is motivated by the presence of diarrhea and high fever needed by the body to improve dehydration.
- Get enough rest
Body limp and being weak is the symptoms of typhoid in children. For that matter, the treatment of typhoid in children to overcome this symptom is by having enough rest. Children with typhoid may get enough rest in the hospital or at home. Having enough rest is useful to help the children’s body to maximize immune system to fight Salmonella bacteria. Traveling or going to school when the children are still suffering from typhoid will trigger transmission and spread of the disease to other children. Doctor will give some medicines that make the children to get more easily rested.
Treatment of typhoid for children
If the symptoms of typhoid in children get worse, it might be they are at high risk of causing serious complications. The complications are caused by typhoid infection which affects to lung or heart problems, such as pneumonia, pleurisy, myocarditis (inflammation of the heart muscle), and acute heart failure.
Moreover, the infection causes intestinal bleeding and cavities. Medically, this condition is referred to intestinal perforation. It causes peritonitis —an infection of the tissue lining the inside of the stomach. Peritonitis is a life-threatening medical emergency.
Therefore, if your children start showing typhoid symptoms, you should immediately see a doctor. You can simply consult a doctor through Medi-Call Application or contact Medi-Call Call Center at +62 81210783387.
Don’t forget to ask your doctor first how to give natural treatment of typhoid in children at home. This is to avoid the risk of health problems in children. If there are no other health problems, the symptoms of typhoid fever will generally recover in the third or fourth week.
However, if your children have been recovered from typhoid, it can come again at any time. Therefore, pay attention to the cleanliness of food and drinks and when the symptoms of typhoid in children occurs. Consult a doctor immediately at Medi-Call for appropriate treatment of typhoid in children. Medi-Call is always ready to come to your location.