Typhoid treatment for pregnant is not always the same as in general, for example choosing antibiotics that is safe for pregnancy and the fetus.
Typhoid is an infectious disease that occurs due to bacterial infection Salmonella typhi. Transmission occurs when food or drink is contaminated by feces (urine or feces), which contains Salmonella typhi bacteria. Typhoid can affect toddlers, children, teens, and adults. However, typhoid which occurs in pregnant women couldn’t be handled carelessly. Generally, the symptoms of typhoid during pregnancy begins with fever, headache, muscle aches, feeling weak, nausea and vomiting, lack of appetite, diarrhea. For that matter, let’s recognize typhoid treatment for pregnant and how to prevent typhoid on pregnant.
Pregnant women are prone to diseases, including typhoid. Unfortunately, this disease endangers the fetus if it has attacked the mother’s health. Infections due to typhoid increase the risk of miscarriage, babies born with low weight. Babies can be potentially infected with typhoid. Therefore, mothers who have typhoid during pregnancy needs to know information about typhoid treatment for pregnant. To overcome the disease caused by salmonella typhi bacteria, followings are typhoid treatment for pregnant:
- Take antibiotics
Antibiotics are one type of medicine that is definitely prescribed by doctor. The doctor usually will give the main antibiotics for typhoid or typhoid fever such as chloramphenicol, ampicillin or amoxicillin, and trimethroprim-sulfamethoxazole (cotrimoxazole). You can get these antibiotics at Medi-Call or you can consult to a doctor through Medi-Call Application. If one of those medicines are ineffective, it can be replaced with other antibiotics such as ceftriaxone, cefotaxime, and quinolone. However, all antibiotics are not always safe for pregnant women. Ampicillin, amoxicillin, and ceftriaxone are types of antibiotics that are usually safe for consumption for pregnant women.
- Have bed rest
Having bed rest is one of typhoid treatment for pregnant. Doctors commonly recommend pregnant women to have bed rest. This suggests for them in order to get enough rest until the body’s condition is completely recovered. In addition, bed rest also helps prevent intestinal bleeding that generally occurs when pregnant women got typhoid. Doctor usually asks for bed rest for about seven to 14 days, depending on how severe the condition is.
- Drink plenty of water
Drinking water is very good for health, especially when you are sick. However, try to drink boiled water thoroughly in order to avoid harmful bacteria in it. In addition, don’t not drink milk that has not been pasteurized because the bacteria potentially will aggravate the condition of the pregnant woman. Drinking plenty of water is one of the simple thing to do for typhoid treatment for pregnant.
- Eat healthy food
In order to recover perfectly, try to eat healthy foods with balanced nutrition. Soft-textured foods make the digestive tract to absorb easier and avoid bleeding in digestive tract. Avoid foods with hard textures such as coarse fibrous meat, fried foods, acidic foods, and fatty foods. In addition, eat small portions but try to eat it often. This functions to ease the work of the digestive tract.
It’s been known that pregnancy naturally can decrease women’s immunity. If a mother is at risk of contracting typhoid, vaccination is available to prevent it. However, pregnant women should not be given direct vaccines, because they are at high risk of harming the baby.
Pregnant women are advised to use the non-active polysaccharidetype Vi vaccine. Vaccine is recommended at least two weeks before being exposed to the threat of typhus exposure. You can get the vaccine at Medi-Call by contacting Medi-Call Call Center at +62 81210783387 Medi-Call is always ready to come to your location.
How to prevent Typhoid for pregnant?
In addition to Typhoid treatment for pregnant, there are several ways that pregnant women can do to prevent typhoid, such as:
- Wash hands regularly
One of the simplest ways that pregnant women can do to prevent typhoid is to regularly wash hands with soap and warm water. Don’t forget to wash your hand before eating and after coming out of the toilet. It is also advisable to always wash hands after riding public transportation.
- Eat cooked food
To prevent typhus, it is important to make sure the food is well-cooked. Avoid eating raw food and try not to buy food and drinks carelessly.
- Wash vegetables and fruit
Pregnant women also need to maintain the cleanliness of food and drinks because Salmonella typhi bacteria can be transmitted through it. Wash thoroughly vegetables and fruit before consuming. It’s the best choice to choose fruit that has peeled skin.
- Choose water carefully
It is recommended to choose bottled mineral water or warm water. Avoid ice made from water that is difficult to ensure cleanliness.
Moreover, having a healthy lifestyle is very important to prevent typhoid during pregnancy. Pregnant women should immediately see a doctor at Medi-Call for appropriate treatment if they experience typhoid symptoms.