Peanut allergy reaction treatment generally aims to relieve symptoms. The best step to prevent an allergic reaction from peanuts is to avoid peanuts and peanut-containing products.
Peanut is commonly good for consumption as it contains complete nutrients such as protein, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, and minerals. Some people, however, experience an allergy to this type of nut.
Peanut allergy is a body reaction that occurs when someone consumes food or drinks that contain nuts in it. As a result, the protein owned by nuts is considered by the body as a threat. For that matter, the body feels the need to fight back by releasing histamine which causes allergic symptoms.
Anyone can get allergic to peanuts ranging from infants below 3 years to adults. In general, however, children potentially suffer more than adults. For infants, peanut allergy generally attacks in a range from 14 months to 2 years. When children suffer peanut allergy, parents eventually will take the children to the pediatrician or doctor to cure this allergy. However, this allergy is hard to be fully cured. Most cases reveal that the medicine is only able to relieve symptoms and cure allergic reactions to the body. When the children reach adulthood, peanut allergy reaction will automatically relapse.
Immunotherapy is one of the most common ways for peanut allergy reaction treatment. This treatment is handled by a doctor by giving a small amount of allergen to the peanut allergy sufferers in order to establish body’s immune against allergens. Therefore, it is very important to consult a doctor to overcome peanut allergy reaction treatment by having immunotherapy through Medi-Call Application or contact Medi-Call Call Center.
Causes and Symptoms of Peanut Allergy
In general, peanut allergy occurs when the immune system reacts and considers peanuts as harmful substances to the body. This reaction can trigger the body to produce a chemical compound called histamine which spread through blood vessels. Histamine affects skin, respiratory tract, and intestines, and trigger allergic symptoms.
Peanut allergy does not always react when the sufferers eat peanuts. There are also certain cases for sensitive sufferers which cause peanut allergy:
- Direct contact between the skin and nuts, for example when the sufferers touch peanuts or food which contains nuts in it.
- Smell peanuts or dust containing peanuts, such as peanut flour.
Peanut allergy symptoms or reactions occur in several parts of the body, such as skin, lips, eyes, digestive organs, and cardiovascular organs. It can occur shortly or a few hours depending on how fast the immune system responds to allergen-trigger proteins in nuts. The symptoms can be fatal and life threatening. For some people with peanut allergies, peanut consumption even in very small amounts has the potential to trigger serious reactions.
Generally, each patient experiences different symptoms, ranging from mild to severe. Common symptoms of peanut allergy include:
- Nasal congestion;
- Watery eyes;
- Itchy, reddish, and rash to skin;
- Swollen lips;
- Discomfort around the mouth and throat;
- Stomach cramps;
- Nausea and vomiting;
There are several groups of people who are potentially have high risk of suffering from peanut allergies:
- Infants and children, because their immune and digestive system are still not fully developed.
- Adults who have experienced peanut allergy since childhood or have a family with a history of peanut allergy.
- People who have allergies to certain foods.
- Patients with atopic eczema.
Peanut Allergy Reaction Treatments for Travelers
Peanut allergy reaction treatment aims to relieve symptoms and prevent allergic reactions. The best step to prevent an allergic reaction from peanuts is to avoid peanuts and peanut-containing products.
For its treatment, sufferers can immediately see an allergic doctor. The doctor will give the following drugs:
Peanut allergy reaction treatment can usually be cured by taking antihistamine drugs for mild allergy only. The sufferers consume this medicine if peanut allergy symptoms begins to occur. Antihistamin functions to relieve the symptoms of mild symptoms caused after eating peanuts, this drug will also work about 15-20 minutes after taking it. This allergy medication works to reduce or block the production of histamine in the body. Histamine is a chemical produced by the body’s immune system to fight allergens that are actually harmless. Nevertheless, this medicine cannot be used to prevent allergic recurrence or treat severe allergic reactions such as anaphylactics.
If the sufferers have a history of allergies and are at high risk for severe allergic reactions (anaphylaxis), it is recommended to always carry a pen-shaped epinephrine injection so the sufferers can inject the epinephrine medicine by themselves. If anaphylactic reaction occurs, this medicine can be used to prevent fatal reactions. Doctor gives this medicine by injecting epinephrine to relieve severe symptoms. Epinephrine will relieve the allergic reaction by relaxing the muscles of the respiratory tract and narrowing the blood vessels, so that breathing becomes relieved and blood flow to cells keep maintained.
For mild peanut allergy reaction treatment, take an over counter hypo-allergenic tablet immediately, such as chlorpheniramine. It functions to relieve symptoms that appear. However, this medicine can cause drowsiness. This medicine works by inhibiting the action of histamine, a compound in the body that triggers allergic symptoms. When allergies occur, the production of histamine in the body increases excessively, causing symptoms of an allergic reaction. Stop using chlorpheniramine when the allergy symptoms subside, because it is generally used only for a short period
Those treatments are generally given by a doctor in order to form the body’s immunity against allergens. If the peanut allergy attacks you unexpectedly, you can immediately consult or book a doctor through Medi-Call Application because peanut allergy reaction treatment must be carried out under the supervision of a doctor. Or you can simply contact Medi-Call Call Center to have an appropriate treatment once the peanut allergy reaction hits you. Medi-Call is always ready to come to your location
The most important thing to remember for sufferers of peanut allergies is that they must be careful in avoiding consuming foods and drinks that contain nuts so that allergies do not recur.