Typhoid fever prevention is the least to do for travelers when they plan to visit from one place to another.
One of the most effective ways to get away from stress is by taking a vacation. Domestic or foreign destinations don’t matter as long as it is within the budget. Various plans have been arranged for a pleasant vacation or just traveling from place to place. However, all plans can be dispersed in an instant when you or your closest actually fall sick during the holidays. As a matter of fact, humans are more susceptible to disease while traveling.
Generally, common pain that potentially occurs during or after the holiday are typhoid fever. Typhoid is one of the common diseases that often occurs while traveling as it shows the symptoms, such as fatigue, dizziness, high fever, abdominal pain, flatulence, diarrhea, sore throat, even can lead to death.
Once the typhoid bothers you while traveling, no need to worry. You can consult a doctor through Medi-Call Application for typhoid fever prevention or if you need antibiotics for treatment or typhoid fever prevention, you can simply book a doctor by contacting Medi-Call hotline at +62 81210783387.
In addition, there are numbers of tips you can do for typhoid fever prevention. Before going further to know the tips, take a look at the general thing first about typhoid fever and its symptoms.
What is Typhoid?
Typhoid fever or known as typhus is one of the most common diseases. It is caused by the infection of Salmonella typhi bacteria. This disease can be transmitted quickly through the consumption of food or drinks that have been contaminated with Salmonella typhi feces. For that matter, travelers should consider food and drink they’re going to eat while traveling from one place to another. Typhoid can also be transmitted if it is exposed to urine that has been infected with Salmonella typhi bacteria, even though this is quite rare to occur.
The Symptoms of typhoid usually only occur gradually 1-2 weeks after the body is infected with bacteria. In general, typhoid symptoms include fever that increases gradually until it can reach 40 degrees celsius, headache, muscle ache, fatigue and weakness, sweating, dry cough, stomachache, loss of appetite, diarrhea in children, and digestive disorders.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO) the number of typhoid fever sufferers worldwide reaches 16-33 million people, even 500 to 600 thousand people each year die from the disease. As a matter of fact, most typhoid sufferers feel better and recover after taking antibiotics. However, a small percentage of them can die from complications. Therefore, the best effort to do is by doing typhoid fever prevention.
Typhoid Fever Prevention While Traveling
Before planning to travel, travelers need to know further the condition of a place or country that will be visited. In many developing countries, anticipatory steps taken to prevent and control typhoid are by providing safe drinking water, improving sanitation and adequate medical care. If this is difficult to realize, there are several ways below that can be done for typhoid fever prevention while traveling:
- Giving vaccines
Giving vaccines is recommended for typhoid fever prevention if someone is traveling to an endemic area. There are two vaccines that can prevent the spread of typhoid. The first vaccine is by injecting at least one week before the trip. The second vaccine is provided in capsule form and it is given as many as four capsules, taken once a day. Both of them require booster because the effectiveness of the vaccine can be reduced over time. This vaccine is generally given by a doctor. You can book a doctor at Medi-Call before you plan to travel with your loved ones.
- Washing hands regularly
One of the simplest ways for typhoid fever prevention is by washing hands regularly. It is the best way to get rid of bacteria that cause typhoid. Bacteria which causes typhoid may still be lodged in the hands. For this reason, always wash hands before eating and after urinating. If you have water shortages, you can also take advantage of hygienic hand sanitizers while traveling.
- Don’t eat and drink carelessly
Typhoid spreads through contaminated food and drink. Therefore, don’t eat and drink without paying attention to the cleanliness of the food and the place. Travelers often ignore this while traveling. Moreover, if you want to travel to a place that has typhoid spread cases, you should make sure that the drinking water has been boiled and cooked. Buying bottled water is recommended and it is also better to avoid consuming ice cubes that are not made by yourself. Avoid buying snacks haphazardly on the side of the road because they are easily exposed to bacteria. This can be one of the common tips to do for typhoid fever prevention.
- Maintaining body endurance
Typhoid will very easily infect people who have weak immunity. Keep your immune system strong by having enough sleep at your place, eating lots of fruits and vegetables, especially those containing vitamin C. Don’t forget to wash fruits and vegetables and make sure to wash them with clean water or disinfectant liquid. This is because if the water is contaminated with bacteria that cause typhus, the fruit or vegetables consumed can cause typhus. To be truly safe, you might be able to avoid consuming raw food directly. Safer still, you can cook or steam food that will be eaten first.
- Taking antibiotics
For typhoid sufferers who has just recovered from this disease, a safe way not to infect others is to always take antibiotics. This way not only help sufferers in typhoid fever prevention, but also functioning as a treatment. Follow the instructions from the doctor and make sure to spend the antibiotic as prescribed. To prevent yourself or your loved ones from infected by typhoid fever, you can take antibiotics or consult a doctor through Medi-Call Application or you can contact Medi-Call hotline at +62 81210783387.
Don’t ever underestimate typhoid fever!
You need to learn typhoid fever prevention because if typhoid fever is not prevented immediately, it can make the condition of the sufferer worse, even lead to death. When the symptoms of typhoid starts to occur, you should immediately see a doctor to get the right treatment.