5 Common Diseases During Monsoon Season and Its Prevention

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Diseases during monsoon season commonly occur because there is a change in temperature which makes people vulnerable to viruses and bacteria.

During monsoon season, the weather will be cooler than usual as well as it will have an effect to human’s body. The body will be more susceptible to disease because there is a change in temperature in the environment. Viruses and bacteria are easier to breed and infect human’s body. Moreover, the body with weak endurance is vulnerable to bacteria and viruses. For that matter, it’s important to know what diseases during monsoon season commonly occur and recognize the preventative measures to avoid these diseases.

Monsoon season usually occurs in tropical countries. If you plan to visit tropical areas during monsoon season, it is very important to get a vaccine as a preventative way. Fortunately, Medi-Call gives special offers for those who want to get a vaccine at your location handled by professional doctors. Get this offer by booking a doctor at Medi-Call hotline +62 81210783387 or simply you can download Medi-Call application on your smartphone.

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Diseases During Monsoon Season

Monsoon season tends to be vulnerable to disease. It’s better to maintain a healthy body or the cleanliness of the environment once the rainy season comes. So as not to interfere with various activities during monsoon season, there are things that need to be prepared to prevent diseases during monsoon season. The following are diseases during monsoon season that commonly occur and some tips to prevent or overcome these diseases.

  • Diarrhea

Diarrhea is a digestive problem caused by bacteria or viruses. This disease often affects people in the lowlands, especially those who live in flood-prone areas. Diarrhea will become a serious problem that causes acute dehydration. To overcome this disease, you are recommended to consume more fluids, IV hydration treatment, ORS or other drinks that contain electrolytes. This is done to replace lost body fluids or IV therapy

  • Influenza

Influenza usually happens not only during monsoon season. People, however, are very susceptible to influenza virus during the rainy season. Influenza is a contagious disease that spreads through coughing, sneezing, or touching on the objects that have been contaminated by the sufferers. In severe conditions, influenza can cause complications such as pneumonia, kidney failure, liver failure, and even death. The most effective way to prevent you and your family from being infected by influenza is by injecting influenza vaccine. 

READ  8 Effective Tips to Prevent Common Diseases during Rainy Season

  • Dengue Fever

Dengue fever is one of the common diseases during monsoon season. This disease is caused by the Aedes aegypti mosquito. In monsoon season, there is generally  a lot of standing water which is the place for mosquitoes to breed. Dengue fever causes joint and muscle pain where the bones feel cracked. Severe dengue fever, known as hemorrhagic fever, can cause serious bleeding, sudden drop in blood pressure (shock), even death. Once the rainy season comes, it’s recommended to cover tightly the water reservoirs to prevent mosquitoes from laying eggs and breeding, change the water in a flower vase, and clean all the water containers once a week.

  • Typhoid Fever

Typhoid fever is a contagious infection caused by the bacteria Salmonella thyphi. This bacteria can be found in contaminated food or drinks. The body that is stricken with typhoid will usually experience a high fever, headache, loss of appetite, fatigue, and pain in the abdomen. In certain cases, typhoid also causes rashes and constipation. If this is not treated immediately, it will lead to complications such as pneumonia, pleurisy, myocarditis, and heart failure. This disease commonly occurs in tropical countries especially when the rainy season comes. The preventative measure of this disease is by drinking only from clean and boiled water (boiled to 100 degrees); washing and cooking food properly; especially raw fruits and vegetables; keeping the environment clean to prevent insects and mice from breeding. Another effective prevention is by getting a typhoid vaccine

  • Hepatitis A

One of the common diseases during monsoon season is hepatitis A. This is because dirty environment is one of the main causes. Hepatitis A is caused by a virus through consumption of contaminated food. Oral transmission of hepatitis A has an incubation period of 15 to 50 days. Some of the symptoms of hepatitis A include fever, rheumatic pain in the joints, loss of appetite, dizziness, and stomach discomfort. To overcome this disease, you need to be careful when consuming food outside. Don’t forget to make sure the cleanliness of the food and the place where you eat. Moreover, by injecting hepatitis A vaccine, it can be prevention and treatment once you or your family are infected by hepatitis A. 

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In general, don’t let yourselves infected by those diseases once monsoon season comes. Don’t forget to always keep the environment clean, consume healthy food and drink, and wash your hands properly.


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